Economic and Social Council



Comment                                                                                                                     Distr.




                                                                                                                    4 April 1994


                                                                                                                    ORIGINAL: ENGLISH/FRENCH/



Comment Resumed organizational session for 1994





Election of nine members of the Committee on Economic,

Social and Cultural Rights


Note by the Secretary-General



1.       By its resolution 1985/17, the Economic and Social Council decided to establish a Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights to undertake functions relating to the implementation of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and to assist the Council in fulfilling its responsibilities under the Covenant.


2.       In accordance with that resolution, the Council, at its first regular session of 1990, elected by secret ballot, from a list of persons nominated by States parties to the Covenant, nine experts as members of the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, for a four-year term beginning on 1 January 1991 and ending on 31 December 1994 (decision 1990/212). The current membership of the Committee is given in annex I below.


3.       At its present session, the Council is to elect nine members of the Committee for a four-year term, beginning on 1 January 1995. The terms of the following members expire on 31 December 1994: Philip ALSTON (Australia), Abdel Halim BADAWI (Egypt), Virginia BONOAN-DANDAN (Philippines), Luvsandanzangiin IDER (Mongolia), Valery KUZNETSOV (Russian Federation), Jaime MARCHAN ROMERO (Ecuador), Alexandre MUTERAHEJURU (Rwanda), Bruno SIMMA (Germany), Javier WIMER ZAMBRANO (Mexico).


4.       In a note verbale dated 22 December 1993, the Secretary-General invited the States parties to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights to submit their nominations for membership in the Committee. The names of the persons nominated as at 18 March 1994 are set out below, together with the States parties that nominated them:






94-16479 (E) 130494 150494                                                                                                                   /...

                     Name Proposed by

          Muddathir ABDEL-REHIM                                                   Sudan

          Philip ALSTON*                                                                    Australia

          George M. ANASTASSIADES                                             Cyprus

          Virginia BONOAN-DANDAN*                                              Philippines

          Mamadi DIAWARA                                                               Guinea

          Valery KUZNETSOV*                                                           Russian Federation

          Jaime MARCHAN ROMERO*                                              Ecuador

          Leoncio-Andrés ONDO ESONO MADJO                           Equatorial Guinea

          Bruno SIMMA*                                                                      Germany

          Nutan THAPALIA                                                                 Nepal

          Javier WIMER ZAMBRANO*                                               Mexico


                     * Nominated for re-election.



5.       Biographical information on the persons nominated is contained in annex II below. Any further nominations received by the Secretary-General will be brought to the attention of the Council in addenda to the present note.


6.       As at 18 March 1994, there were 127 States parties to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. The number of States parties by regional group and the number of seats to be allocated to each region under subparagraph (b) of Council resolution 1985/17 are as follows:


                                           States parties as at Seats

          Regional group 16 April 1992 allocated


          African States                                                                             37                                         4

          Asian States                                                                               19                                         3

          Eastern European States                                                           21                                         3

          Latin American and Caribbean States                                      27                                         4

          Western European and other States                                       23                                         4

                                  Total                                                                    127                                       18



7.       Accordingly, the number of vacancies in each geographical region to be filled by the Council is as follows:


                     Regional group Number of vacancies


          African States                                                                                                       2

          Asian States                                                                                                         2

          Eastern European States                                                                                    1

          Latin American and Caribbean States                                                               2

          Western European and other States                                                                  2


                                              Total                                                                                    9



Annex I




(18 members; four-year term)



Membership in 1994


Term expires on

31 December


Madoe Virginie Ahodikpe (Togo) .................................                                                              1996

Philip Alston (Australia)* .....................................                                                                       1994

Juan Alvarez Vita (Peru) .......................................                                                                      1996

Abdel Halim Badawi (Egypt)* ....................................                                                                 1994

Virginia Bonoan-Dandan (Philippines)* ..........................                                                          1994

Dumitru Ceausu (Romania) .......................................                                                                 1996

Abdessatar Grissa (Tunisia) ....................................                                                                  1996

Luvsandanzangiin Ider (Mongolia)* ..............................                                                             1994

María de los Angeles Jiménez Butragueño (Spain) ................                                              1996

Valery I. Kuznetsov (Russian Federation)* ......................                                                         1994

Jaime Alberto Marchan Romero (Ecuador)* ........................                                                     1994

Alexandre Muterahejuru (Rwanda)* ...............................                                                            1994

Kenneth Osborne Rattray (Jamaica) ..............................                                                           1996

Bruno Simma (Germany)* .........................................                                                                 1994

Chikako Taya (Japan) ...........................................                                                                      1996

Philippe Texier (France) .......................................                                                                      1996

Margerita Vysokajová (Czech Republic) ..........................                                                        1996

Javier Wimer Zambrano (Mexico)* ................................                                                            1994




          *        Retiring member.





















Annex II
































Muddathir ABDEL-REHIM (Sudan)



Date of birth: 1932.




B.A. (Gen.) in Economics, History and Arabic, University of London, 1955.


B.A. (Hons.) First Class in Politics, Nottingham University, United Kingdom, 1958.


Ph.D. Economic and Social Studies, Manchester University, United Kingdom, 1964.


Present positions


Professor of Political Sciences, University of Khartoum.


Founding member and Secretary-General of the Sudanese National Committee for Human Rights, established in 1967.


Member of the Transitional National Assembly and Deputy Chairman of the Human Rights Committee of that Assembly.


Academic experience


Assistant Lecturer at Khartoum University, 1955.


Lecturer at Manchester University, United Kingdom, 1960-1975.


Senior Lecturer and Head of Department, Khartoum University, 1965-1969.


Visiting Professor, Universities of Makerere (Uganda) and Zambia, 1970-1971.


Professor, University of Mohamed V, Rabat, Morocco, 1973-1974.


Visiting Senior Research Fellow, Scandinavian Institute of African Studies, Uppsala (Sweden), 1975-1977.


Professor, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria, 1977-1979.


Professor, University of Khartoum, 1980-1984 and 1986-1988.


Visiting Professor, Temple University, Philadelphia, United States, 1984-1985.


Vice-Chancellor, Omdurman Islamic University, 1988-1991.



Diplomatic and related experience


UNESCO Senior Expert in Social Science and Public Administration, 1971-1973.


Ambassador to Nordic Countries (Sweden, Norway, Denmark and Finland, 1974-1975).


Member, Sudanese delegation to the United Nations General Assembly, 1965-1966.


Member, Constitutional Studies Committee, 1966-1967.


Chairman, National Committee on Sudanese policy towards refugees, 1988.


Member, National Dialogue on Peace in the Sudan, 1989.




The Sudan since Independence, London, 1987.


"Sanctuary and Asylum in Islam", Dirasat Ifriqiya, Khartoum, 1986.


(A complete list of books and articles is available for consultation in the files of the Secretariat.)

Philip ALSTON (Australia)*


Date of birth: 1950.




LL.B. (Hons.), B. Comm., LL.M., University of Melbourne.


LL.M., J.S.D., University of California at Berkeley.


Current employment


Professor of Law and Director of the Centre for International and Public Law, Australian National University, since December 1989.


Discrimination Commissioner for the Australian Capital Territory (including Canberra), part-time.


Other positions


Visiting Professor, Harvard Law School, 1984-1989 and 1993.


Visiting Professor of Law, University of Michigan Law School, 1993.


Associate Professor of International Law, Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University, Boston, 1985-1989.


Human Rights Officer, United Nations Centre for Human Rights, Geneva, 1978-1984.


Senior legal adviser on children's rights, UNICEF (United Nations Children's Fund), New York, 1985 to present.


Chief of Staff to a Cabinet Minister in the Australian Government, 1974-1975.


United Nations activities


United Nations Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, Chairperson 1992 to present; Rapporteur 1987-1991.


Meeting of Chairpersons of United Nations Human Rights Treaty Bodies: Chairman, 1990, Rapporteur 1988, 1990, 1992.


Chairperson of the meeting of the Chairpersons of the principal international organizations (United Nations, Council of Europe, Organization of American States, Organization of African Unity, International Labour Organization), World Conference on Human Rights, Vienna, June 1993.






          *         Current member of the Committee.


United Nations Institute for Training and Research: member of Human Rights Advisory Committee, 1987-1991.


Commission on Human Rights, Task Force on Computerization: Chairman/Rapporteur, 1989-1990.


UNICEF, International Child Development Centre, Florence: Project Director for a project entitled "The best interests of the child: a cross-cultural study", 1992-1994.


Other professional activities


Co-Editor, Australian Yearbook of International Law, starting with vol. 12.


Member, Editorial Advisory Board, Third World Quarterly, 1991 to present.


Member, Editorial Advisory Board, International Journal of Children's Rights, 1992 to present.


Member, Senior Advisory Board, International Journal of Health and Human Rights (Harvard School of Public Health), 1993 to present.


Member, Australian National Advisory Committee on Discrimination in Employment, since 1992.




The International Dimensions of Human Rights (2 vols.), (Paris, UNESCO, 1982); The Right to Food (The Hauge, Nijhoff, 1984); Whose New World Order: What Role for the United Nations? (Sydney, Federation Press, 1991); The United Nations and Human Rights: A Critical Appraisal (Oxford University Press, 1992); The Best Interests of the Child: Reconciling Culture and Human Rights (Oxford University Press, 1994).

George M. ANASTASSIADES (Cyprus)


Date of birth: 1938.




B.Sc. in Economics.


Post-graduate studies in the Netherlands at the Institute of Social Studies, "The Hague". Diploma in Public Administration.




Joined the civil service in 1961 as Administrative Officer.


In 1975 was promoted to the post of Director, Public Administration and Personnel Service.


In 1983, was appointed Permanent Secretary at the Ministry of Defence.


From 1989 to present, Ministry of Labour and Social Insurance: advises the Minister in the formulation of the Ministry's policies in the labour and social fields, including the field of human rights, and is responsible for the coordination and implementation of the programme of the Ministry.


International experience


Member of the delegation of Cyprus to the International Labour Organization (ILO), 1989 to present.


Member of Technical Committee of ILO entrusted with the drafting of conventions and recommendations on labour matters.


Member of the Committee for Social Development of the United Nations Economic and Social Council. At the thirty-third session of the Committee, in 1993, was elected Vice-Chairman.


Other experience


Chairman of the National Committee of the International Year of the Family.


Chairman of the Board of Governors of the Higher Technical Institute, a tripartite advisory board to the Minister of Labour and Social Insurance dealing with the formulation of the Institute's policy within the framework of technical education.


Chairman of the Board of Governors of the Higher Hotel Institute, a tripartite advisory board to the Minister of Labour and Social Insurance dealing with issues concerning the training of persons in the hotel and catering industry.


Member of the following Boards/Councils:


Labour Advisory Board, a tripartite body advising the Minister of Labour and Social Insurance on matters of labour and social policy and legislation.


Pancyprian Productivity Council, a tripartite advisory board to the Minister of Labour and Social Insurance on matters connected with the increase of national productivity.


Pancyprian Council for the Rehabilitation of Disabled Persons, a tripartite advisory board to the Minister of Labour and Social Insurance on issues concerning the rehabilitation and welfare of disabled persons.


Educational Council, functioning under the chairmanship of the Minister of Education and Culture.


Joint Staff Committee, the main forum where terms and conditions of employment for public employees are discussed.




Virginia BONOAN-DANDAN (Philippines)*




Currently completing requirements for Ph.D. Anthropology, College of Social Science and Philosophy, University of the Philippines.


1989: M.A. Anthropology, University of the Philippines.


1978: Bachelor of Fine Arts in Sculpture, cum laude, University of the Philippines.


1959: A.A. In English, University of the Philippines.


Current positions


Associate Professor of Fine Arts, College of Fine Arts, University of the Philippines.


Guillermo Tolentino Diamond Jubilee, Professional Chair, University of the Philippines.


Chairman, Department of Theory, College of Fine Arts, University of the Philippines.


Research Programme Leader, "Traditional art forms in Luzon", University of the Philippines, Diliman.


Research Consultant for Cultural Research, University of the Philippines, Diliman.


Member, University of the Philippines, Diliman Research Council.


Member, Social Science and Humanities Research Committee, University of the Philippines, Diliman.


Member, University of the Philippines, Diliman Curriculum Committee.


Member, Philippine National Science Society.


Previous positions and appointments


1984-1989: College Secretary, College of Fine Arts, University of the Philippines.


1985-1987: Member, President's Committee on Culture and the Arts, University of the Philippines.




          *         Current member of the Committee.


1985-1987: Chairman, Art Inventory Committee, Office of the University President, University of the Philippines.


1987: Curatorial consultant, Pinaglabanan Galleries.


1981-1986: Chairman, Department of Studio Arts, College of Fine Arts, University of the Philippines.


1981-1984: Coordinator and Visiting Faculty for Visual Arts, Philippine High School for the Arts, National Arts Centre.


1983: Conference Chairman, International Society for Education Through Art, Regional Conference, RP-Asia.


1980-1984: Editor-in-chief, Philippine Art Supplement, Cultural Centre of the Philippines.


1980-1983: Curatorial consultant, Alegria Gallery.


1983-1984: Trainer/Consultant for curriculum development, University of Northern Philippines, Vigan Mariano Marcos State University, Batac.


1980-1983: Trainer/Artists' Workshop, Cultural Centre of the Philippines.


1980-1984: Training Director, SPAFA (OEAMEO Projects for Archaeology and Fine Arts), teacher-training courses for the visual arts.


1980-1983: Artist-in-residence, University of the Philippines.


Participated in a number of international forums as Philippine representative.


Publications and exhibitions


A list of books and articles published by the candidate and of individual and group exhibitions organized by her is available for consultation in the files of the Secretariat.


Mamadi DIAWARA (Guinea)



Date of birth:                  1944


Higher education:          Master's Degree in Law, University of Conakry, 1970.


Professional experience:


1971-1973:                      Justice of the Peace with expanded jurisdiction.


1974-1976:                      President of the Court of Appeal.


1977-1983:                      Public Prosecutor with the Court of Appeal.


1983-1985:                      Attorney-General with the Supreme Court of Appeal.


1985-1986:                      Attorney-General with the Supreme Court.


1987-1989:                      Under-Secretary-General of the Government.


1989-1991:                      Secretary-General of the Government.


1991-1992:                      Minister of National Education, in charge of Higher Education and Scientific Research.



15 January 1993:            Director of Political and Cultural Affairs, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation.


Special missions carried out


Participation in drawing up the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights.


Government agent in the settlement before the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague of the "Maritime frontier dispute between Guinea and Guinea-Bissau".


Government agent in the settlement before the International Chamber of Commerce of the "Geo-survey dispute with the Republic of Guinea".


International conferences


High-level Ministerial Seminar of Ministers of National Education (Sèvres, France, 1991; Manchester, United Kingdom, 1991).


Ministerial Conference of the Organization of the Islamic Conference (Karachi, Pakistan, 1993).


Summit Conference of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) (Cotonou, 1993).


Goodwill mission to the Government of Cameroon, 1993.


Member of the Guinean delegation to the forty-eighth session of the United Nations General Assembly (1993).


(A full list of conferences may be consulted in the files of the Secretariat.)

Valery I. KUZNETSOV (Russian Federation) Footnote



Date of birth:            1940.




1963:                         Graduated from Law Department, Moscow State University.


1965-1968:                Post-graduate courses, International Law Department, Moscow State Institute of International Relations.


1968:                         Candidate of Law.


1981:                         Doctor of Law.


Professional activities


1968-1983:                Assistant Professor and Professor (since 1982), International Law Department, Moscow State Institute of International Relations, Ministry for Foreign Affairs; Deputy Dean of the International Law Department.


1983-present:           Professor, Diplomatic Academy, Ministry for Foreign Affairs.


1986-present:           Chairperson of the International Law Chair at the Diplomatic Academy.




          Economic Integration: Two Approaches (publ. 1976 in English and Spanish); COMECON and the Common Market (publ. 1978); Abandonment of Use of Force: A Rule of International Life (publ. 1973). Among recent publications: 1993, co-editor (with Prof. Tuzmukhamedov) and co-author of Short Encyclopedia of Human Rights and Rights of Peoples; 1994, co-editor (with Prof. Kolosov) and co-author of Textbook on International Law.


Activities in the field of international relations


1960s:          Legal Adviser to the Delegation of the USSR to the United Nations Special Committee on Principles of International Law concerning Friendly Relations and Cooperation among States, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations.


1974:            Vice-Chairman of the Delegation of the USSR to the United Nations Special Committee on the Question of Defining Aggression.



1988:            Legal Adviser to the Delegation of the USSR to the Soviet-American Consultations at the level of Foreign Ministers.


For several years took part in the activities of the Danube Commission as a Legal Adviser to the Delegation of the USSR.


Currently a member of the United Nations Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. Was elected a Chairman of the fifth session of the Committee.


In 1990 was appointed a member of the Permanent Chamber of Arbitration.


Has rank of Counsellor of the Ministry for Foreign Affairs.


Member of the Executive Committee of the International Law Association of the Russian Federation.

Jaime MARCHAN ROMERO (Ecuador) Footnote



Date of birth: 1947.




Catholic Pontifical University of Ecuador, Faculty of Law (1966-1972).


George Washington University, space law (1986).




Chargé d'affaires a.i. of Ecuador, London (1977-1978).


Chef de cabinet of the Minister for Foreign Affairs (1978-1980).


Minister, Embassy of Ecuador in Washington, D.C. (1980-1987).


Administrative Under-Secretary, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (1987-1988).


Political Under-Secretary, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (1988-1990).


Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, Belgrade (1989-1990).


Permanent Representative of Ecuador to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (1990-1992).


Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary in Rome (1990-1992).


General Secretary for Foreign Relations, Ministry of Foreign Relations (since August 1992).


Other activities


Professor of space law at the Diplomatic Academy (Quito).


Member for life of the International Institute of Space Law (Paris).


Member of the United Nations Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (Geneva).




Derecho Internacional del Espacio (Quito, Central Bank of Ecuador, 1987).


Régimen Juridico de la Orbita Sincrónico Geoestacionaria (Quito, Central Bank of Ecuador, 1987).


Derecho Internacional del Espacio: Teoría y Política (Madrid: Editorial Civitas, S.A., 1990, second edition).

Leoncio-Andrés ONDO ESONO MADJO (Equatorial Guinea)



Date of birth: 1953




1974-1977          Higher studies at the Escuela Normal Magisterio, Bata-Litoral.


Degree awarded: Teacher of Languages: French and English; Teacher of the Spanish Language and Literature.


Professional experience as a teacher: 1977-1980 at the Instituto de Enseñanza Media, Niefang


1980-1985          Higher studies at the Universidad Literaria of Valencia (Spain), Faculty of Law.


Degree obtained: Bachelor of Law, specializing in private law.


Since 1987:        Professional experience as an attorney.


Posts and high-level responsibilities


1987-1994:         Legal adviser, Ministry of Mines and Hydrocarbons, Republic of Equatorial Guinea.


1988:                  Magistrate on the Court of Appeal.


1989:                  Public Prosecutor with the Court of Appeal.


1992:                  President of the Court of Appeal.


1993:                  County Court and Examining Magistrate, Malabo.


1994:                  General Secretary of the Ministry of Justice and Religion, Republic of Equatorial Guinea


Post-graduate seminars


1987:                  University of Reno, Nevada, United States of America: "Legal Institutions: Family Law and Child and Adolescent Law".


1989:                  United Nations Office at Geneva: "Protection of Human Rights in Penal Procedure".


1990:                  Eighth United Nations Congress, on the Prevention of Crime and Treatment of Offenders.



Bruno Simma (Germany)*



1962-1966, studies at the University of Innsbruck. Doctorate in Law, University of Innsbruck, 1966. 1967-1972, assistant at the Faculty of Law, University of Innsbruck. 1971, Universitätsdozent (yenia legendi) for International Law and International Relations, 1972, expert at the Council of Europe, Directorate of Legal Affairs. Since 1973, Professor of International Law and European Community Law, Director of the Institute of International Law, University of Munich. 1987-1992, Professor of Law at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (joint appointment).


1968-1972, teaching appointments with University of Notre Dame and Creighton University European programmes. 1969, Visiting Professor, California State College, Fullerton. Member of the teaching staff and Senate of the Hochschule fuer Politik, Munich. 1976 and 1982, Director of Studies at The Hague Academy of International Law. 1981-1989, taught international law to junior diplomats of the Foreign Ministry of the Federal Republic of Germany. 1984-1985, Visiting Professor at the University of Siena (Italy). 1986, Visiting Professor at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. Since 1985, member of the Court of Arbitration in Sports (CAS) of the International Olympic Committee. Since 1986, member of the United Nations Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. Since 1989, member of the advisory board on the United Nations of the Foreign Ministry of the Federal Republic of Germany. Co-founder and co-editor of the European Journal of International Law. Since 1992, member of the advisory board on international law of the Foreign Ministry of the Federal Republic of Germany. Since 1992, expert for the Human Dimension Mechanism of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe.


Member of various professional associations, among them ASIL and ILA. 1989-1993, Vice-President of the German Society of International Law.


Author/co-author of six books, among them Universelles Völkerrecht (together with Alfred Verdross, 3rd ed. 1984, English and Spanish editions in preparation); editor/co-editor of nine works, among them the 31-volume collection, International Protection of the Environment, and a bilingual article-by-article commentary on the Charter of the United Nations, involving about 60 contributors, of which the German edition appeared in 1991 and the English edition in 1994. About 75 articles published in journals, Festschriften etc. About 50 book reviews. (A list of publications is available for consultation in the files of the Secretariat).











          *         Current member of the Committee.

Nutan THAPALIA (Nepal)



Date of birth: 1932.





Master of Arts, Tribhuvan University (1968).


Bachelor of Law, Nepal Law College (1972).



Present positions


Advocate in Supreme Court (since 1977); Associate Professor, Padma Kanya Campus (since 1990); Chairman, Nepal Press Council (since 1992); and Vice-Chairman, World Association of Press Councils (since 1993).



Professional experience


1946-1947:              Voluntary primary school teacher.


1952-1959:              Executive member, Martyr Bhogendra Memorial Library.


1952-1960:              Executive member, Samaj Sudhar Association (Social Reform Association).


1967-1987:              Executive committee member, Service Civil International, Nepal.


1969-1982:              Executive committee member, Amnesty International, Nepal.


1971-1975:              Secretary General, Nepal Council of World Affairs.


1984-1988:              Asian executive member of Service Civil International.


1984-present:         Coordinator, South Asia Coalition of Legal Aid (SACOLA).


1985-1990:              Coordinator, SERVAS, Nepal.


1987-1988:              President, Supreme Court Bar Association.


1987-present:         Adviser, Service Civil International, Nepal.


1988-present:         Adviser, Human Rights Organization of Nepal.



Related activities


1952:                      Founder member, Martyr Bhogendra Memorial Library.


1952:                       Founder member, Samaj Sudhar Association (Social Reform Association).


1966:                      Vice President, Nepal Political Association.


1967:                      Founder member, Service Civil International, Nepal.


1967:                      Founder, Amnesty International/Nepal Section.


1981:                      Founder executive member, South Asia Coalition for Legal Action.


1984:                      Founder member, SERVAS, Nepal


1988:                      Founder member, Human Rights Organization of Nepal.


(A complete list of related activities is available for

consultation in the files of the Secretariat.)





1986:                      Organized Seminar on Peace and Rural Development in Eastern Nepal.


1987:                      Organized Seminar of Role of Judiciary in Kathmandu.


1988:                      Organized Seminar on Human Rights in Kathmandu.


1989:                      Organized Seminar on the Abolition of Death Penalty in Kathmandu.


1989:                      Attended International Conference of SERVAS in Quebec (Canada).


1990:                      Organized Seminar on Conception of Human Rights in Kathmandu.


1990:                      Organized Seminar on Problems and Prospects of Human Rights in Nepal.


1994:                      Organized Asia Pacific Regional Conference of World Association of Press Councils in Kathmandu.


(A complete list of conferences is available for consultation

in the files of the Secretariat.)





Named Man of the Year for human rights awareness activities, 1992, by International Forum.


Citation for Human Rights and Democracy awarded by Association of Fighters for Democracy in 1950/51.


Javier WIMER ZAMBRANO (Mexico)



Date of birth: 1933.



Academic background:


Bachelor degree in law, Autonomous National University of Mexico, 1952-1956.


Studies in modern literature at the Faculty of Philosophy and Literature, Autonomous National University of Mexico, 1954.


Doctorate-level studies in international public law and political science at the University of Paris, 1956-1957.


Fellowship at the Mexican Writers Centre, 1958-1959.



Teaching and lecturing activities


Teacher at the Escuela Nacional Preparatoria, 1956.


Professor at the Escuela Normal Superior, 1963-1966.


Guest Professor at the University of San Luis Potosí, 1965.


Guest Professor at the Polish Institute of Foreign Relations, Warsaw, 1980.


Courses and lectures in universities and institutes of higher education in Mexico, Europe and Latin America.





Juicio Crítico de la Revolución Mexicana (University Press, Mexico, 1955).


Antología de Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz (Barcelona, 1973).


Member of the Executive Board of the journal, Medio Siglo, 1952-1954.


Editor of the journal, El Libro y el Pueblo, 1959-1963.


Managing Editor of the journal, Nueva Política, 1972-1981.



Official and Cultural Posts


Adviser to the President of the Republic, 1959-1964.


Cultural Attaché in the Embassy of Mexico in Argentina and the Embassy of Mexico in Uruguay, 1968-1970.


Adviser to the President of the Republic, 1970-1976.


Director-General of the National Council on Culture and Recreation for Workers, 1974-1976.


General Coordinator of Audio-Visual Broadcasting, Ministry of Public Education, 1976-1978.


Director of the Multinational Project for Educational Technology, 1976-1978.


Adviser to the Minister of Public Education, 1978-1981.


General Director of the Archives, Library and Publications, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 1979-1981.


Special Ambassador of Mexico to the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and Poland, 1980.


Ambassador of Mexico to Yugoslavia, 1981-1982.


Ambassador of Mexico to Albania, 1981-1982.


Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, Mexican Foreign Service, since 1982.


Under-Secretary of Internal Affairs, 1982-1984.


Adviser to the President of the Republic, 1984-1988.


General Director of the National Commission of Free Textbooks, 1984-1992.


Member of the United Nations Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, 1987-1993.


Member of the Trust Fund of the José Luis Cuevas Museum, 1987-1993.


Member of the Honorary Council of the Casa Argentina de la Cultura, 1988-1992.


Member of the Trust Fund of the Institute of Asylum Law and Public Freedoms, 1989-1993.


Chairman of the Consultative Council of the Leon Trotsky Museum, 1989-1993.


Chairman of the Mexican Commission for the Bicentenary of the Malaspina Expedition, 1989-1993.


Adviser to the Law Editorial Committee of the Fondo de Cultura Económica, 1989-1992.


Adviser to the Government of Guerrero, 1990-1993.


Member of the Editorial Board of the National Council for Culture and the Arts, 1991-1992.


Adviser to the Office of the President of the National Council for Culture and the Arts, 1992-1993.


Adviser to the Association of Mexican and North American Universities, 1992-1993.


Adviser to the Mexican Radio Institute, 1992.


General Delegate to the Latin Union in Mexico, 1993.