Bayefsky.com

The United Nations Human Rights Treaties

How To Complain About Human Rights Treaty Violations

Chart of Outcomes of Human Rights Committee Communications and How to Update

Printer-friendly version

updated 21 September 2012

for more recent updates see:

http://treaties.un.org/Pages/ViewDetails.aspx?src=TREATY&mtdsg_no=IV‑5&chapter=4&lang=en

Participant Signature Ratification, Accession (a), Succession (d) Entry into Force
Albania   4 Oct 2007a 4 Jan 2008
Algeria   12 Sep 1989 a 12 Dec 1989
Andorra   22 Sep 2006 22 Dec 2006
Angola   10 Jan 1992 a 10 Apr 1992
Argentina   8 Aug 1986 a 8 Nov 1986
Armenia   23 Jun 1993 a 23 Sep 1993
Australia   25 Sep 1991 a 25 Dec 1991
Austria   10 Dec 1987 10 Mar 1988
Azerbaijan   27 Nov 2001 a 27 Feb 2002
Barbados   5 Jan 1973 a 23 Mar 1976
Belarus   30 Sep 1992 a 30 Dec 1992
Belgium   17 May 1994 a 17 Aug 1994
Benin   12 Mar 1992 a 12 Jun 1992
Bolivia   12 Aug 1982 a 12 Nov 1982
Bosnia and Herzegovina   1 Mar 1995 1 Jun 1995
Brazil   25 Sep 2009 a 25 Dec 2009
Bulgaria   26 Mar 1992 a 26 Jun 1992
Burkina Faso   4 Jan 1999 a 4 Apr 1999
Cambodia 27 Sep 2004    
Cameroon   27 Jun 1984 a 27 Sep 1984
Canada   19 May 1976 a 19 Aug 1976
Cape Verde   19 May 2000 a 19 Aug 2000
Central African Republic   8 May 1981 a 8 Aug 1981
Chad   9 Jun 1995 a 9 Sep 1995
Chile   27 May 1992 a 27 Aug 1992
Colombia   29 Oct 1969 23 Mar 1976
Congo   5 Oct 1983 a 5 Jan 1984
Costa Rica   29 Nov 1968 23 Mar 1976
Côte d'Ivoire   5 Mar 1997 a 5 Jun 1997
Croatia   12 Oct 1995 a 12 Jan 1996
Cyprus   15 Apr 1992 15 Jul 1992
Czech Republic   22 Feb 1993 d 1 Jan 1993
Democratic Republic of the Congo   1 Nov 1976 a 1 Feb 1977
Denmark   6 Jan 1972 23 Mar 1976
Djibouti   5 Nov 2002 a 5 Feb 2003
Dominican Republic   4 Jan 1978 a 4 Apr 1978
Ecuador   6 Mar 1969 23 Mar 1976
El Salvador   6 Jun 1995 6 Sep 1995
Equatorial Guinea   25 Sep 1987 a 25 Dec 1987
Estonia   21 Oct 1991 a 21 Jan 1992
Finland   19 Aug 1975 23 Mar 1976
France   17 Feb 1984 a 17 May 1984
Gambia   9 Jun 1988 a 9 Sep 1988
Georgia   3 May 1994 a 3 Aug 1994
Germany   25 Aug 1993 a 25 Nov 1993
Ghana   7 Sept 2000 7 Dec 2000
Greece   5 May 1997 a 5 Aug 1997
Guatemala   28 Nov 2000 a 28 Feb 2001
Guinea   17 Jun 1993 17 Sep 1993
Guinea-Bissau 12 Sep 2000    
Guyana   10 May 1993 a 10 Aug 1993
Honduras   7 Jun 2005 7 Sep 2005
Hungary   7 Sep 1988 a 7 Dec 1988
Iceland   22 Aug 1979 a 22 Nov 1979
Ireland   8 Dec 1989 a 8 Mar 1990
Italy   15 Sep 1978 15 Dec 1978
Kazakhstan   30 Jun 2009 30 Sep 2009
Kyrgyzstan   7 Oct 1994 a 7 Jan 1995
Latvia   22 Jun 1994 a 22 Sep 1994
Lesotho   6 Sep 2000 a 6 Dec 2000
Liberia 22 Sep 2004    
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya   16 May 1989 a 16 Aug 1989
Liechtenstein   10 Dec 1998 a 10 Mar 1999
Lithuania   20 Nov 1991 a 20 Feb 1992
Luxembourg   18 Aug 1983 a 18 Nov 1983
Madagascar   21 Jun 1971 23 Mar 1976
Malawi   11 Jun 1996 a 11 Sep 1996
Maldives   19 Sep 2006 a 19 Dec 2006
Mali   24 Oct 2001 a 24 Jan 2002
Malta   13 Sep 1990 a 13 Dec 1990
Mauritius   12 Dec 1973 a 23 Mar 1976
Mexico   15 Mar 2002 a 15 Jun 2002
Mongolia   16 Apr 1991 a 16 Jul 1991
Namibia   28 Nov 1994 a 28 Feb 1995
Nauru 12 Nov 2001    
Nepal   14 May 1991 a 14 Aug 1991
Netherlands   11 Dec 1978 11 Mar 1979
New Zealand   26 May 1989 a 26 Aug 1989
Nicaragua   12 Mar 1980 a 12 Jun 1980
Niger   7 Mar 1986 a 7 Jun 1986
Norway   13 Sep 1972 23 Mar 1976
Panama   8 Mar 1977 8 Jun 1977
Paraguay   10 Jan 1995 a 10 Apr 1995
Peru   3 Oct 1980 3 Jan 1981
Philippines   22 Aug 1989 22 Nov 1989
Poland   7 Nov 1991 a 7 Feb 1992
Portugal   3 May 1983 3 Aug 1983
Republic of Korea   10 Apr 1990 a 10 Jul 1990
Republic of Moldova   23 Jan 2008 23 Apr 2008
Republic of Montenegro2   23 Oct 20062 3 Jun 20062
Republic of Serbia1   6 Sep 2001 6 Dec 2001
Romania   20 Jul 1993 a 20 Oct 1993
Russian Federation   1 Oct 1991 a 1 Jan 1992
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines   9 Nov 1981 a 9 Feb 1982
San Marino   18 Oct 1985 a 18 Jan 1986
Sao Tome and Principe 6 Sep 2000    
Senegal   13 Feb 1978 13 May 1978
Seychelles   5 May 1992 a 5 Aug 1992
Sierra Leone   23 Aug 1996 a 23 Nov 1996
Slovakia   28 May 1993 d 1 Jan 1993
Slovenia   16 Jul 1993 a 16 Oct 1993
Somalia   24 Jan 1990 a 24 Apr 1990
South Africa   28 Aug 2002 a 28 Nov 2002
Spain   25 Jan 1985 a 25 Apr 1985
Sri Lanka   3 Oct 1997 a 3 Jan 1998
Suriname   28 Dec 1976 a 28 Mar 1977
Sweden   6 Dec 1971 23 Mar 1976
Tajikistan   4 Jan 1999 a 4 Apr 1999
The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia   12 Dec 1994 d 12 Mar 1995
Togo   30 Mar 1988 a 30 Jun 1988
Tunisia   29 Jun 2011 a 29 Sep 2011
Turkey   24 Nov 2006 24 Feb 2007
Turkmenistan   1 May 1997 a 1 Aug 1997
Uganda   14 Nov 1995 a 14 Feb 1996
Ukraine   25 Jul 1991 a 25 Oct 1991
Uruguay   1 Apr 1970 23 Mar 1976
Uzbekistan   28 Sep 1995 a 28 Dec 1995
Venezuela   10 May 1978 10 Aug 1978
Zambia   10 Apr 1984 a 10 Jul 1984

114 State parties

1 Formerly Yugoslavia.  Effective 3 June 2006, Serbia and Montenegro changed its name to Republic of Serbia.

2 Serbia and Montenegro (now known as the Republic of Serbia) had previously ratified the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights on 6 September 2001.  On 3 June 2006, the Republic of Montenegro became an independent state, and subsequently deposited on 23 October 2006 its notification of succession to the treaties to which Serbia and Montenegro was a party or a signatory, as from 3 June 2006.

Notes:

  • Guyana had initially acceded to the Optional Protocol on 10 May 1993. On 5 January 1999, the Government of Guyana denounced the Optional Protocol with effect from 5 April 1999. On that same date, the Government of Guyana re‑acceded to the Optional Protocol with a reservation.
  • Jamaica had ratified the Optional Protocol on 3 October 1975. Jamaica subsequently denounced the Optional Protocol, effective 23 January 1998.
  • Trinidad and Tobago had ratified the Optional Protocol on 14 November 1980. Trinidad and Tobago subsequently denounced the Optional Protocol, effective 27 June 2000.